Agriculture and Poultry Science - Data from J. Santiagomoreno and colleagues advance knowledge in agriculture and poultry science
2009 DEC 17 - (VerticalNews.com) -- According to recent research from Madrid, Spain, "The season may affect the values of fresh semen variables and therefore influence the success of cryopreservation. The aim of this study was to improve the evaluation of seasonal changes in semen quality in Spanish Black Castellana roosters maintained under natural environmental conditions."
"Semen was collected from 11 Black Castellana roosters (housed under natural photoperiod and temperature conditions) by massage twice every month for 12 mo. In addition to determining ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, and sperm motility (the classic sperm variables), we used the hypo-osmotic swelling test to examine the membrane integrity of the spermatozoa. Further, morphological abnormalities and acrosome integrity were assessed via aniline blue staining. Semen volume (P < 0.05), sperm concentration (P < 0.01), and the percentage of spermatozoa with an intact acrosome (P < 0.01) were significantly affected by the season of the year. The annual profile of the percentage of spermatozoa showing acrosome integrity followed a trend roughly parallel to annual variations in temperature (Spearman rank correlation = 0.77, P< 0.01). According to the hypo-osmotic swelling test, membrane integrity fell in July (P < 0.05 compared with all other months), the month of highest temperatures. Aniline blue staining and the hypo-osmotic swelling test provide an easy and useful means of evaluating sperm abnormalities, including acrosome morphology and membrane integrity, and could be easily introduced into routine avian semen quality assessments. The results show that high semen quality is associated with long day photoperiods," wrote J. Santiagomoreno and colleagues ...read more
Agriculture and Poultry Science - Data from F.R. Barreiro et al provide new insights into agriculture and poultry science
2009 DEC 17 - (VerticalNews.com) -- According to a study from Sao Paulo, Brazil, "The objective of this experiment was to determine the normal values of bone radiographic density (BRD) by using the optical densitometry in radiographic images and the biochemical values represented by serum calcium, ash percentage, and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium) from tibia ash of Cobb broilers at 8, 22, and 43 d of age. A total of 14 broilers were used for densitometric analysis, and 15 were used for biochemical dosages. ...read more
Agriculture and Poultry Science - Reports summarize agriculture and poultry science research from Gifu University
2009 DEC 17 - (VerticalNews.com) -- According to a study from Gifu, Japan, "In the eggs of the quail Coturnix japonica, the limiting membrane demarcates the shell membrane at the interface with the albumen and decreases in width during the hatching process. This study was done to identify agents that affect the width of this limiting membrane."
"Zymography tests on extracts from extra-embryonic tissues, yolk sacs, or chorioallantoic membranes, or all three, showed proteolytic activities during d 4 to 10 of incubation. Localization experiments on these activities, performed on d 5 eggs, indicated that they were located in an avascular chorion. Electron microscopic analysis showed there were secretory cells specifically located in the avascular chorion. After partial purification of d 5 avascular chorion extracts using QA52 and Sephadex G-200 column chromatography, the proteolytic activity of 20 kDa was isolated. The protease showed a high level of activity toward succinyl-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide. It had an optimal pH of 9 and digested the limiting membrane. These enzymatic activities were inhibited moderately by EDTA and strongly by leupeptin and aprotinin," wrote A. Iwasawa and colleagues, Gifu University ...read more
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