Astrophysics - Research results from China Agricultural University update understanding of astrophysics
2009 JUN 30 - (VerticalNews.com) -- "Based on elasticity theory, various one-dimensional equations for symmetrical deformation have been deduced systematically and directly from the two-dimensional theory of deep rectangular beams by using the Papkovich-Neuber solution and the Lur'e method without ad hoc assumptions, and they construct the refined theory of beams for symmetrical deformation. It is shown that the displacements and stresses of the beam can be represented by the transverse normal strain and displacement of the mid-plane," investigators in Beijing, People's Republic of China report ...read more
Astrophysics - New astrophysics research from China Agricultural University described
2009 JUN 9 - (VerticalNews.com) -- "For plate bending and stretching problems in piezoelectric materials, the reciprocal theorem and the general solution of piezoelasticity are applied in a novel way to obtain the appropriate mixed boundary conditions accurate to all order," researchers in Beijing, People's Republic of China report.
"A decay analysis technique is used to establish necessary conditions that the prescribed data on the edge of the plate must satisfy in order that it should generate a decaying state within the plate. For the case of axisymmetric bending and stretching of a circular plate, these decaying state conditions are obtained explicitly for the first time when the mixed conditions are imposed on the plate edge," wrote Y. Gao and colleagues, China Agricultural University ...read more
Astrophysics - Research on environment described by scientists at Department of Agriculture
2008 MAR 31 - (VerticalNews.com) -- According to recent research published in the journal Chemosphere, "Conservation tillage mitigates soil loss in cropland because plant residues help protect the soil, but effects on pesticide movement in surface runoff are not as straightforward. Effects of soil disturbance on surface runoff loss of chlorimuron and alachlor were evaluated utilizing runoff trays."
"Soil in the trays was either disturbed (tilled) and kept bare or was not tilled, and existing decomposed plant residue was left on the surface. Rainfall (25 mm, 20 min) was simulated 1 d after alachlor (2.8 kg ha(-1)) or chlorimuron (54 g ha(-1)) application, and runoff was collected. Runoff fractions were analyzed for herbicide and sediment. Total alachlor loss from bare plots was greater than that in no-tillage plots (4.5% vs. 2.3%, respectively). More than one-third of total alachlor lost from bare plots occurred in the first I of runoff, while no-tillage plots had less runoff volume with a more even distribution of alachlor concentration in the runoff during the rainfall simulation and subsequent runoff period. In contrast, more chlorimuron was lost from no-tillage plots than bare plots (12% vs. 1.5%) even though total runoff volume was lower in the no-tillage plots (10.6 min vs. 13.6 mm). This was attributed to dense coverage with partially decomposed plant residue in no-tillage plots (1652 kg ha(-1)) that intercepted chlorimuron. It was likely that chlorimuron, a polar compound, was more easily washed off surface plant residues and transported in runoff," wrote M.A. Locke and colleagues, Department of Agriculture ...read more
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